ROSSO Fiorentino

(1494-1540)
Giovanni Battista di Jacopo de Guaspare, known as Rosso Fiorentino, was among the most innovative artists working in Italy and France in the first half of the sixteenth century. The Florentine painter's earliest training remains a mystery, but by 1513 he was working alongside Pontormo* and Andrea del Sarto* at Santissima Annunziata. His Assumption ofthe Virgin there was not well received, and Rosso spent several years working in other Tuscan cities. From this period dates the Deposition from the Cross in Volterra, today the artist's most famous work. Its inventiveness led early-twentieth-century critics to treat Rosso as a paradigmatically anticlassical artist, one of the so-called Mannerists who reacted against the classical, normative art of Raphael* and Michelangelo.*
Rosso returned to Florence in 1522 and in 1524 moved to Rome. His works there, such as the Dead Christ, now in Boston, show the Mannerist "stylish style" that is a development of Raphaelesque ideas of grace and elegant beauty, rather than a reaction against them. He also designed a series of prints (engraved by Caraglio) that led to the diffusion of this style.
Following the sack of Rome in 1527, Rosso traveled under the protection of Leonardo Tornabuoni to Umbria and painted several altarpieces. In Venice Pie-tro Aretino* helped bring Rosso to the attention of King Francois I,* and from 1530 until his death Rosso worked in France, especially at Fontainebleau. He lived a princely life and was responsible for paintings as well as designs for decorative arts. He is the main artistic personality behind the early stages of the so-called Fontainebleau school.
Bibliography
E. Carroll, Rosso Fiorentino: Drawings, Prints, and Decorative Arts, 1987. D. Franklin, Rosso in Italy, 1994.
John Marciari

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • ROSSO FIORENTINO — ROSSO GIOVANNI BATTISTA DI IACOPO, dit ROSSO FIORENTINO (1494 1540) Florentin, formé dans l’ambiance maniériste d’Andrea del Sarto, Rosso se veut sans maître; il admire et copie Michel Ange. Inscrit dans la corporation des peintres florentins en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rosso Fiorentino — Moses verteidigt die Töchter Jethros von Rosso Fiorentino (1523) in der Galleria degli Uffizi, Florenz Rosso Fiorentino (* 8. März 1494 in Florenz; † 14. November 1540 in Paris; eigentlicher Name Giovan Battista di Jacopo) war ein italienischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rosso Fiorentino — Moïse défendant les filles de Jethro Galerie des Offices à Florence Giovanni Battista di Jacopo dit Rosso Fiorentino (soit « [Le] Maître roux [de Florence] » en français à cause de la couleur de ses cheveux, est un peintre et décorateur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rosso Fiorentino — Descendimiento de la cruz, 1521, óleo sobre madera, 375 × 196 cm, Pinacoteca Comunale, Volterra Giovanni Battista di Jacopo, llamado Rosso Fiorentino («Rojo Florentino») (Florencia, 8 de marzo de 1495 – Fontainebleau, 14 de noviembre de 1540),… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rosso Fiorentino — Giovanni Battista di Jacopo (1494 1540), known as Rosso Fiorentino (meaning the Red Florentine in Italian), or Il Rosso, was an Italian Mannerist painter, in oil and fresco, belonging to the Florentine school. BiographyBorn in Florence Italy with …   Wikipedia

  • Rosso Fiorentino — ▪ Italian painter byname of  Giovanni Battista di Jacopo  born March 8, 1495, Florence [Italy] died Nov. 14, 1540, Paris, France  Italian painter and decorator, an exponent of the expressive style that is often called early, or Florentine,… …   Universalium

  • Rosso Fiorentino — (Giovanni Battista di Jacopo Rosso, 1494 1540)    Florentine painter, later active in France. From the early 1520s he was one of the young artists whose work marks the transi tion from the balanced, harmonious style known as High Renaissance to… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Rosso Fiorentino — Rọsso Fiorentino,   eigentlich Giovanni Battista di Jacopo di Guaspạrre, italienischer Maler, * Florenz 8. 3. 1494, ✝ Paris 14. 11. 1540; Schüler von A. del Sarto, beeinflusst von A. Dürer und Michelangelo; war in Florenz, seit 1523 in Rom und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rosso Fiorentino — soprannome di Giovanni Battista di Jacopo …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione


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